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US 101: First Year Seminar

This guide will help you complete your research assignment for US 101.

Help is available for citing sources!

Just stop by the Service Desk in the library if you are on campus - or use our Ask the Library service to contact us by phone, email, chat, or text.
If you are on campus, you can also get help at the Writing Center in Wilson Hall or the Writing Center branch in the library. For hours, see the Writing Center web site.

In-Text Citations

The MLA documentation style uses parenthetical citations in the text that refer to the alphabetical list of works cited at the end of the paper. The parenthetical citation appears within the text at the end of the section of cited text and includes the author's last name, followed by a page number, where available: (Anderson 7).

There are many variations on this format depending on the circumstances and type of source being cited. For more examples, see the MLA Handbook, 8th edition, pages 54-58.

MLA 8th Edition Examples

Academic Journal with Stable URL (p. 32)

Goldman, Anne. "Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante." The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, 2010, pp. 69-88. JSTOR,

Academic Journal with DOI and No Page Numbers (p. 48)

Chan, Evans. "Postmodernism and Hong Kong Cinema." Postmodern Culture, vol. 10, no. 3, May 2000. Project Muse, doi:10.1353/pmc.2000.0021.

Book (p. 21, *Note: the City of Publication should only be used if the book was published before 1900, if the publisher has offices in more than one country, or if the publisher is unknown in North America.)

Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford UP, 2011.

Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

Digital Image found on a Website (from

Vasquez, Gary A. Photograph of Coach K with Team USA. NBC Olympics, USA Today Sports, 5 Aug. 2016, Accessed 24 April 2018.

Newspaper Article (from

Wente, Margaret. “In the Best Interests of the Child?” The Globe and Mail, 6 Apr. 2009,

Web Sites, Blog Entries, and Comments (pp. 30, 44)

Hollmichel, Stefanie. "The Reading Brain: Differences between Digital and Print." So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013,

Jeane. Comment on "The Reading Brain: Differences between Digital and Print." So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013, 10:30 p.m.,

“Woman Gives Birth to Grandchild.”, 15 Oct. 2006,

Government Report (

United States, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2005 Assisted Reproductive Technology Success Rates: National Summary and Fertility Clinic Reports. Oct. 2007,

Three or More Authors? Use et al. (pp. 22, 116)

Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital_Humanities. MIT P, 2012.

For an in-text citation, use (Burdick et al. 42).

Pseudonym for Author on Twitter Post (p. 24)

@persiankiwi. "We have report of large street battles in east & west of Tehran now - #Iranelection." Twitter, 23 June 2009, 11:15 a.m.,

Course Packet

Your US 101 course packet includes information on how to cite sources.