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DOIs: What they are and how to cite them

DOIs, or Digital Object Identifiers, are becoming increasingly common as publishers begin to assign them to journal articles. This guide will explain their purpose and how to include them in a bibliography.

APA Style

Article From an Online Periodical with DOI Assigned:

Template:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range.
          doi:0000000/000000000000

Example:

Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41(11/12),
          1245-1283. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161

 

Article From an Online Periodical with No DOI Assigned:

Online scholarly journal articles without a DOI require the URL of the journal home page. Remember that one goal of citations is to provide your readers with enough information to find the article; providing the journal home page aids readers in this process.

Template:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number. Retrieved from
          http://www.journalhomepage.com/full/url/

Example:

Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved from
          http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html

 

Source: Purdue Online Writing Lab

 

Chicago/Turabian Style

Online periodicals are cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a DOI or URL at the end of the citation.  Include a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if the journal lists one. If no DOI is available, list a URL. Include an access date only if one is required by your publisher or discipline.

Article From an Online Periodical with DOI Assigned:

Template:

Author, A. A., and Author, B. B. "Title of article." Title of Journal, volume number, issue number (Date of publication): page numbers,
          doi: 0000000/000000000000 (access date if necessary).

Example:

Peltonen, Kirsi, Noora Ellonen, Helmer B. Larsen, and Karin Helweg-Larsen. “Parental Violence and Adolescent Mental Health.” European
          Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
19, no. 11 (2010): 813-822. doi: 10.1007/s00787-010-0130-8.

 

Article From an Online Periodical with No DOI Assigned:

Template:

Author, A. A., and Author, B. B. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, volume number, issue number (Date of publication): page numbers.
          http://www.journalhomepage.com/full/url/ (access date if necessary).

Example:

Hlatky, Mark A., Derek Boothroyd, Eric Vittinghoff, Penny Sharp, and Mary A. Whooley. "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in
          Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study
          (HERS) Trial." Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (February 6, 2002), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/
          v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo
(accessed January 7, 2004).

Source: Purdue Online Writing Lab, Chicago Style Citation Quick Guide, Turabian Quick Guide