Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Montana State University - Home Montana State University Library - Home Ask the Library

Sociology & Criminology Research Guide

Use this guide to find MSU Library resources and other web resources for criminology.

Empirical Research Articles

Empirical Research is defined as research based on observed and measured phenomena. It is research that derives knowledge from actual experience rather than from theory or belief.

See if the article mentions a study, an observation, an analysis or a number of participants or subjects. Was data collected, a survey or questionnaire administered, an assessment or measurement used, an interview conducted? All of these terms indicate possible methodologies used in empirical research. Empirical articles often contain these sections:

  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References 

The sections may be combined, and may have different headings or no headings at all; however, the information that would fall within these sections should be present in an empirical article.

(Adapted from Cal Poly Pomona Libraries

Finding Articles

Use one of these indexes or databases to find specific articles in a variety of criminology and sociology journals. If accessing from off-campus, you will be asked for your NetID and password.

To see all the databases available to you, browse our A-Z Database list.