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MLA Style Guide: Differences 7th vs 8th

Citation style sheet for Modern Language Association style

Key Changes

A new edition of the MLA Handbook was published April 2016. The 8th edition makes some significant changes from the citation practices of the 7th edition.

New Citation Principles

  1. Cite core elements shared by most works
  2. There is often more than one correct way to cite a source
  3. Documentation needs to be useful to readers


What’s Changed?

  1. No more Web and Print designators
  2. URLs are again recommended. DOIs and permalinks are required with DOIs preferred. URLs do not include http:// (see page 48)
  3. Volume, issue number, pages abbreviations return:  …, vol. 64, no. 3, 2015, pp. 79-88, …
  4. Common terms in the works-cited list like editor, edited by, translator, and review of are no longer abbreviated
  5. Placeholders for unknown information like n.d. (“no date”) are no longer used
  6. Publisher location for books now usually omitted

New MLA Style Center web site at

MLA 7th Style

Lorensen, Jutta. "Between Image and Word, Color and Time: Jacob Lawrence's The Migration Series." African

American Review 40.3 (2006): 571-586. Academic Search Complete. Web. 26 May 2016.

MLA 8th Style (From a example)

Lorensen, Jutta. “Between Image and Word, Color and Time: Jacob Lawrence’s The Migration Series.” African

American Review, vol. 40, no. 3, 2006, pp. 571-86. EbscoHost,