Creating Effective Library Assignments
Purpose of Library Assignments:
An effective library assignment has a specific, understood purpose. It relates to some aspect of the course subject matter and identified learning objectives. Properly implemented library assignments can:
- Lead to increased understanding of the subject through the process of locating information related to the subject
- Build life-long research skills
- Reinforce habits of ethical scholarship
- Makes students aware of the variety of information sources and formats available (e.g. print, electronic, video, microform, etc.)
A library assignment that meets these criteria is an excellent teaching tool, and can enhance and enrich the student's learning experience. It also increases the understanding of the subject matter and builds research skills.
Implementation of Library Assignments:
The most successful and effective library assignment are those developed through collaboration and cooperation between library & departmental teaching faculty. Librarians are ready and willing to assist individual faculty (or departments) in developing strong, meaningful library research assignments that meet the learning objectives of individual classes and students and that support the teaching efforts of all MSU faculty.
In order to be effective, a library assignment must be implemented in an appropriate manner. Instructors need to thoroughly prepare students for the assignment:
- Inform students (preferably face-to-face and in writing) why they are doing it and what purpose it serves
- If the assignment requires the use of specific sources, students should be given a list of them and arrangements made with the library to assure availability and access (reserves & e-reserves).
- Consider placing a copy of the assignment at the Library Reference Desk, or on your class website to facilitate access to information students and Library faculty need in order to help students complete assignments successfully.
- When testing an assignment, try to put yourself in the students' shoes with their experience and perspective.
- Schedule a library research instruction session with a member of the Library faculty to provide customized (to your specific assignment and discipline) instruction for your students in the research process and in locating and ethically using academic information resources.
Characteristics of Effective Assignments:
- Clarity — If students have trouble understanding what they are supposed to do, they will have trouble doing it. Give library assignments in writing (not orally) to reduce confusion.
- Use of Correct Terminology — Students tend to interpret library assignments very literally and are easily confused by terms they, and the librarian, cannot interpret definitively. Define any questionable words. For example, some instructors differentiate between magazines and journals, while others use the terms interchangeably. Does "library computer" mean the library catalog, the online periodical indexes, or the Internet, etc.?
- Currency — Library resources are continually changing, and these changes will affect library assignments. New sources and ways of accessing information replace old ones every day. Check your assignment regularly so your students are not asked to use outdated or non-existent methods and sources. If you are no longer familiar with the library, contact the library's instruction coordinator, Jan Zauha (994-6554), for a Faculty Orientation.
- Appropriate Time Frame — Do the assignment yourself to see how long it takes before you decide how long students need to do it. Remember to allow for their inexperience in addition to the various locations of different materials.
Pitfalls to Avoid:
- Assuming Most Students Already Know the Basics — Don't assume that your students have had prior experience in using the library, an orientation to the library, or that their orientation was relevant to your assignment. Transfer or new graduate students may have no experience in this library system. Also, basic introductory skills may be inadequate for an upper level subject-based research assignment.
- Requiring Resources that are not Available — Do not assume what the library has or doesn't have. Resources may change dramatically from semester to semester. This library may not have exactly what other libraries have that you have used. It is always a good idea to retest the assignment before giving it out.
- An Entire Class with the Same Assignment — If an entire class has the same exact assignment, needed resources will be difficult to find at best, disappear or be vandalized at worst. For example, instead of asking an entire class to research the history of IBM, ask them to research the history of a major public American corporation of their choosing. If it is necessary for a whole class to use a particular source or set of sources, have those sources put on reserve. Librarians can assist you in placing needed materials in a controlled access environment. This arrangement will allow each student to have an equal opportunity to use the item. Telling the student to "put it back" just does not work. Even the most honorable of students may reshelve items in the wrong place. To place items on reserve, call Circulation at 994-3139.
- The Scavenger Hunt — The least effective assignment possible asks students to locate random facts. It lacks a clear purpose, teaches little, and is very frustrating. Frequently librarians, not students, end up locating the information.
The Role of the Librarian:
When it comes to library assignments, library faculty, in their roles as liaisons to campus wide departments, are excellent resource for creating new or modifying existing library research exercises. Librarians are also willing and able to provide library research instruction to individual classes either in the Libraries state-of-the-art classroom or in one of the many smart-classrooms around campus.
While a librarian will not create an assignment for you, one will be glad to work with you in developing the assignment, look at a draft, and provide comments and suggestions. Since students will be coming to the Reference librarians for help, it would help us (and therefore the students) to have a copy of the assignment, and recommended sources, in advance. When an assignment is over, librarians may be able to provide feedback. Did any students seem confused or have trouble understanding the assignment? Were there any resource or access problems related to the assignment? Faculty and librarians working together can make library assignments successful learning experiences for students.
To identify the liaison to your department (and obtain contact information) visit our list of Library Liaisons by Department or contact Instruction Librarian, Tim Donahue firstname.lastname@example.org or 406-994-5334 for more information.
Instruction, Demonstrations, Tours and Orientations:
The library offers a variety of customized orientations or advanced instructional sessions to meet your needs. To learn more about tours, workshops and demonstrations or to schedule an instruction session, contact Instruction Librarian, Tim Donahue email@example.com or 406-994-5334, or use the Online Request Form.
- Classes must be scheduled two weeks in advance!
- Schedule early if you want a session during the first three weeks of a semester as this is a very popular time for library instruction!